Water Treatment & Distribution
Public Works manages the annual production of between 400 to 600 million litres of potable drinking water which complies with federal and provincial water quality standards while continually meeting system demand at all times. Lions Bay's water is treated in accordance with the federal Drinking Water Protection Act and the Provincial Drinking Water Protection Regulation. The Municipality also follows Health Canada's Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality. Regulatory monitoring of the Municipality's two water systems, Magnesia Creek and Harvey Creek, is mandated by our licence to operate which is provided through Vancouver Coastal Health.
In addition to this, Public Works staff ensures that treated water meets the strict water quality parameters set out in the federal Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality. Public Works staff assures the safety and quality of the drinking water by monitoring water contaminants, turbidity levels, chemical usage, and treated water quality.
The Village of Lions Bay’s water is supplied through two surface water supplies: Harvey Creek and Magnesia Creek. Water is drawn into the system via two creek intakes which feed the water treatment plants. There, raw water is initially treated by Ultraviolet (UV) light in order to inactivate pathogenic organisms and then followed up by the injection of chlorine in a liquid state (sodium hypochlorite) for disinfection.
Once treated, water is distributed throughout the Village via a network of pipes, storage tanks, pressure reducing valve stations, and fire hydrants.
Water storage tanks are a critical component of the Village’s water distribution network. Some key benefits of these facilities are:
- They supply water during emergencies such as fire flow and power outages,
- They help to balance the daily supply and demand volumes throughout the system
- They provide contact time for disinfectants to inactivate pathogens
The Village of Lions Bay maintains 5 potable water storage tanks; four on the Harvey Creek system and one on the Magnesia Creek system.
Pressure Reducing Valve (PRV)Stations
Like many other mountainous communities, the Village of Lions Bay requires PRV’s to keep water pressures within reasonable tolerances. Water pressure within the distribution network can exceed 200 pounds per square inch (psi). Pressures in excess of 75 psi can rupture pipes, damage fixtures, and even injure people. Public Works operates and maintains 13 PRV stations throughout the distribution system.
The Village of Lions Bay has 72 hydrants dispersed throughout the distribution network. Not only do they provide water for fire fighting purposes, fire hydrants are used to clean the water distribution networks pipes. A fire hydrant's large diameter port enables the movement of large volumes of water which creates a scouring action and moves sediments and debris out of the system before it reaches residential water lines.
Have a leak? You may need to turn off your water at the property line. Public Works will loan you a water shut off key to do so.
The curb stop valve is usually located at the property line and can be an older or newer model. Older model valves keep turning and vary the water flow as the valve turns. Newer valves only turn one quarter turn either clockwise or counter clockwise.
To operate, place the shut off key on the valve stem and turn the key clockwise or counter clockwise to start or stop the flow. When the valve stem is in line with the service pipe the water is on and when it is perpendicular to the service pipe the water is off.
Public Works closely monitors the water quality of the Village’s water supply. Daily checks of the treatment plants are augmented by a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system that allows Public Works to view and manipulate settings at the treatment plants. Daily, weekly, monthly, and biannual sampling of the Village’s water ensures that the Village’s water meets provincial and federal standards.
Raw Water (Harvey and Magnesia Intakes):
Treated Water (5 station at Harvey and 3 stations at Magnesia):
UV Reactors (Harvey and Magnesia Plants):